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Overview of Engineering Industry


The Engineering sector is the largest in the overall industrial sectors in India. It is a diverse industry with a number of segments, and can be broadly categorised into two segments, namely, heavy engineering and light engineering. The engineering sector is relatively less fragmented at the top, as the competencies required are high, while it is highly fragmented at the lower end (e.g. unbranded transformers for the retail segment) and is dominated by smaller players.

The engineering industry in India manufactures a wide range of products, with heavy engineering goods accounting for bulk of the production. Most of the leading players are engaged in the production of heavy engineering goods and mainly produces high-value products using high-end technology. Requirement of high level of capital investment poses as a major entry barrier. Consequently, the small and unorganised firms have a small market presence.

The light engineering goods segment, on the other hand, uses medium to low-end technology. Entry barrier is low on account of the comparatively lower requirement of capital and technology. This segment is characterised by the dominance of small and unorganised players which manufacture low-value added products. However, there are few medium and large scale firms which manufacture high-value added products. This segment is also characterised by small capacities and high level of competition among the players.

User Segments
The major end-user industries for heavy engineering goods are power, infrastructure, steel, cement, petrochemicals, oil & gas, refineries, fertilisers, mining, railways, automobiles, textiles, etc. Light engineering goods are essentially used as inputs by the heavy engineering industry.

Key Growth Drivers of Indian Engineering Sector
The engineering sector in India has been growing on the back of growth in the user industries and several new projects being undertaken in various core industries such as railways, power, infrastructure, etc. Capacity creation in sectors such as infrastructure, oil & gas, power, mining, automobiles, auto components, steel, refinery, consumer durables, etc, is driving growth of the engineering industry.

  • Growth of the key user-industries
  • Government’s thrust on the power and construction industries
  • India being preferred by global companies as an outsourcing destination as it enjoys lower labour cost and better designing capabilities

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